The year that was: 2016; Unlocking Jupiter’s secret



What if we could use information found on other planets to develop Earth and the way we live? The Juno spacecraft just entered Jupiter’s orbit and within the next 20 months we will have cracked Jupiter’s secrets. Unlocking Jupiter’s secrets can open up new ideas about nature, how the planet was formed, and what that tells us about our history and where we came from.

Juno is a NASA space probe orbiting the planet Jupiter. The Juno spacecraft launched in August 2011 and on July 4, 2016, Juno successfully entered Jupiter’s orbit. Juno will orbit the planet 37 times, taking about 20 months. The spacecraft has three large solar panels around its six-sided body

Juno’s mission is to measure Jupiter’s composition, magnetic field, gravitational field and polar magnetosphere. It will also search for clues about how the planet formed, including whether it has a rocky core, the amount of water present within the deep atmosphere, mass disruption and its deep winds. Juno has several scientific instruments that will help measure these different things as well as taking pictures of Jupiter and its poles.

Juno is so special and unique because not only will the probe fly 2,600 miles above the cloud-tops, 3,000 miles closer to the surface than any other mission has ever achieved. Being a gas planet, there has been a mystery among the science fraternity on whether the planet actually has a solid core at its center. Being covered with a thick layer of cloud and gas, it’s been difficult to conclude whether a core actually exists. Juno will research for its gravitational and magnetic fields of the planet and determine once and for all whether the planet has a core or not.

Juno will let us take a giant step forward in our understanding of how large planets form and the role these planets played in putting together the rest of the solar system.

Juno will help scientists understand how Jupiter was made. The spacecraft will help them learn how Jupiter has changed, too. The new discoveries can help us understand more about our solar system. The finding on that Juno will discover will probably not directly change our life on earth but by know how the possible first planet formed we will know more about possibly how the universe was created thus maybe confirming The Big Bang theory. Also advancing our technology will help us discover other planets in outer solar systems orbiting other stars.
The cool thing about science is that you don’t necessarily know what you will get from exploration. So while at first it may seem that it is mostly for exploration and research, the results may have wide ranging applications in ways we haven’t yet thought of, so it’s best to be open minded.